(Names in italics indicate those working under my supervision or co-supervision.)

Papers accepted, in revision or review

Bowering, K.L., Edwards, K.A. and S.E. Ziegler (2023) Seasonal controls override forest harvesting effects on the composition of dissolved organic matter mobilized from boreal forest soils. accepted in Biogeosciences

Budge, S.M., Townsend, K., Ziegler, S.E., and S. P. Lall (2023) Fatty acid isotopic composition in Atlantic pollock is not influenced by environmentally relevant dietary fat concentrations. In review for Oecologia

Roebuck, J.A., Prestegaard, K., Gaviria, C., Myers-Pigg, A., and S. E. Ziegler (2023) Hydrobiogeochemical controls on the delivery of dissolved organic matter to boreal headwater streams. In review for Water Resource Research

Gaviria Salazar, C., Roebuck, J.A., Myers-Pigg, A.N. and S.E. Ziegler (2023) A partial least squares approach for adaptable continuous monitoring of stream dissolved organic carbon. accepted in Limnology and Oceanography Methods 


Casas-Ruiz, J., Bodmer, P, Bona, K. A., Butman, B., Couturier, M., Emilson, E.J.S., Finlay, K., Genet, H., Hayes, D., Karlsson, J., Paré, D., Peng, C., Striegl, R., Webb, J., Wei, X., Ziegler, S.E., and P.A. del Giorgio (2023) Connecting terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems to constrain estimates of land-atmospheric exchange of carbon. Nature Communications.

Khoo, C.L.L., Sipler, R.E., Faulkner, S.J.M, Boyd, S.G., Beheshti Foroutani, M., McBride, C.E., and S. E. Ziegler. (2023). Size fractionated biogeochemical constituents across adjacent coastal systems informs approaches for integrating small catchment studies into regional models. Limnology and Oceanography.

Myers-Pigg, A.N., Kaiser, K., Benner, R and S.E. Ziegler (2023) Soil organic matter diagenetic state informs ecosystem feedbacks to climate change. Biogeosciences 20: 489-503 (Special Issue: Global change effects on terrestrial biogeochemistry at the plant–soil interface)

Khoo, C.L.L., Sipler, R.E., Fudge, A.R., Beheshti Foroutani, M., Boyd, S.G. and S.E. Ziegler (2022) Evaluating the mechanisms influencing salt-induced flocculation of dissolved organic matter in boreal coastal systems. JGR Biogeosciences 127: e2022JG006844.

Harris, E.J., Webb, R., Ziegler, S.E. and E. Oliver (2022) Close to home co-producing research questions and solutions to coastal erosion in Nunatsiavut. Journal of Ocean Technology. 17(3): 21-29

Patrick, M.E., Young, C., Zimmerman A. and S.E. Ziegler (2022) Mineralogic controls are harbingers of hydrological controls on soil organic matter content in warmer boreal forests. Geoderma 425: 116059

Philben, M., Bowering, K., Poderbarac, F., Laganiere, J., Edwards, K.A., S.E. Ziegler (2022). Enrichment of 13C with depth in soil organic horizons is not explained by CO2 or DOC losses during decomposition. Geoderma 424: 116004

Sipler, R., Ziegler, S.E., & Memorial University of Newfoundland. (2022). Water chemistry characteristics of two tributaries of Placentia Bay, Newfoundland, in 2019 [Data set].

Bowering, K. Edwards, K.A. Weirsma, Y.F., Billings, S.A., Warren, J., Skinner, A., Ziegler, S.E. (2022). Dissolved organic carbon mobilization across a climate transect of mesic boreal forests is explained by air temperature and snowpack duration. Ecosystems

Podrebarac, F.A. Billings, S.A. Edwards, K.A. Laganiere, J. Norwood, M. Ziegler, S.E. (2021). Soil profile connectivity can impact microbial substrate use, affecting how soil CO2 effluxes are controlled by temperature. Biogeosciences. 18: 4755-4772.

Sullivan, P.L., Billings, S.A., Hirmas, D., Li, L., Zhang, X., Ziegler, S.E., Murenbeeld, K., Ajami, H., Guthrie, A., Singha, K., Gimenez, D., Duro, A.M., Moreno, V., Flores, A., Cueva, A., Koop, A.N., Aronson, E., Barnard, H., Banwart, S., Keen, R., Nemes, A., Nikolaidis, N., Nippert, J., Richter, D., Robinson, D., Sadayappan, K., Souza, L., Unruh, M. and H. Wen. (2021). Embracing the dynamic nature of soil structure: A key paradigm shift for illuminating the role of life in critical zones of the Anthropocene. Earth-Science Reviews 225: 103873

Kohl, L., Myers-Pigg, A.N., Edwards, K.A, Billings, S.A, Warren, J, Podrebarac, F., and S.E. Ziegler (2021) Microbial inputs at the litter layer translate climate into altered organic matter properties. Global Change Biology 27(2): 435-453. DOI: 10.1111/gcb.15420

Buckeridge, K., Edwards, K.E., Min, K., Ziegler, S.E. and S. A. Billings (2020) Short- and long-term temperature responses of soil denitrifier net N2O efflux rates, inter-profile N2O dynamics, and microbial genetic potentials. Soil 6: 399-412.

Bowering, K., Edwards, K., Prestegaard, K., Zhu, X. and S.E. Ziegler (2020) Dissolved organic carbon mobilized from organic horizons of mature and harvested black spruce plots in a mesic boreal region. Biogeosciences 17:581-595.

VandenBoer, T.C., Di Lorenzo, R.A., Hems, R.F., Dawe, K.E., S.E. Ziegler, and Young, C.J. (2020)  Quantitation of Amino Sugar Stereoisomer and Muramic Acid Biomarkers by Hydrophilic Interaction Liquid Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry. Journal of Chromatography A 1618: 460843 (

Billings, S.A., Richter, D.deB., Ziegler, S.E., K. Prestegaard (2019) Distinct contributions of eroding and depositional profiles to land-atmosphere CO2 exchange in two contrasting forests. Frontiers in Earth Sciences 7 DOI: 10.3389/feart.2019.00036

Min, K., Buckeridge, K, Ziegler, S.E., Edwards, K.E., Bagchi, S. and S.A. Billings (2019) The temperature sensitivity of biomass-specific microbial exo-enzyme activities and CO2 efflux is resistant to change across diverse timescales. Global Change Biology 25(5) DOI: 10.1111/gcb.14605

Philben, M., Butler, S., Billings, S.A., Benner, R., Edwards, K.A. and S.E. Ziegler (2018) Biochemical and structural controls on the decomposition dynamics of boreal upland forest moss tissues. Biogeosciences 15: 6731-6746.

Place, B.K., Young, C. J., Ziegler, S.E., Edwards, K. A.and T. C. Vanden Boer (2018) Passive sampling capabilities for ultra-trace quantitation of atmospheric nitric acid in remote environments. Atmospheric Environment 191: 360-369.

Philben, M., Billings, S.A., Edwards, K.A., Podrebarac, F.A., van Biesen, G. and S.E. Ziegler (2018) Amino acid d15N indicates lack of N isotope fractionation during soil organic nitrogen decomposition. Biogeochemistry

Klapstein, S.J., Ziegler, S.E., Risk, D. and N. O’Driscoll (2018) Assessing the utility of dissolved organic matter photoreactivity as a predictor of in situ methylmercury concentration. Accepted for publication in Journal of Environmental Sciences

Mann, E.A., Ziegler, S.E., Steffen, A. and N.J. O’Driscoll (2018) Increasing chloride concentration causes retention of mercury in Arctic snow due to changes in photoreduction kinetics. Accepted for publication in Journal of Environmental Sciences

Kohl, L., Philben, M., Edwards, K.A., Podrebarac, F.A., Warren, J. and S.E. Ziegler (2017) The origin of soil organic matter controls its composition and bioreactivity across a mesic boreal forest latitudinal gradient. Global Change Biology 24:e458-e473 DOI: 10.1111/gcb.13887

Klapstein, S.J., Ziegler, S.E. and N. O’Driscoll (2017) Dissolved organic matter inhibits freshwater methylmercury photodemethylation. Environmental Pollution 232: 392-401.

Warren, J. and S.E. Ziegler (2017) A solid-phase extraction method for isolating HF-extractable soil organic matter for NMR analysis. Organic Geochemistry 111:1-8. (

Place, B., Quilty, A., Di Lorenzo, R., Ziegler, S.E. and T. VandenBoer (2017) Quantitation of nine alkyl amines in atmospheric samples: Separating structural isomers by ion chromatography. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques 10: 1061-1078. doi:10.5194/amt-10-1061-2017 (online open access)

Ziegler, S.E., Benner, R., Billings, S.A., Edwards, K., Philben, M., Zhu, X., and J. Laganiere (2017) Climate change can accelerate carbon fluxes without changing soil carbon stocks. Frontiers in Earth Science 5:2 (link to open access article)

Lajtha, K. et al. (2017) Brave New World. Biogeochemistry DOI 10.1007/s10533-017-0316-y (open access online)

Klapstein, S., Ziegler, S.E., Risk, D. and N.J. O’Driscoll (2016) Quantifying the effect of photoreactive DOM on the methylmercury photodemethylation rate in a temperate freshwater ecosystem. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry36(6): 1493-1502.

Budge, S. M., Aucoin, L.R., Ziegler, S.E. and S.P. Lall (2016) Fractionation of stable carbon isotopes of polyunsaturated fatty acids during assimilation and mobilization in Atlantic pollock (Pollachius virens). (invited paper) Ecosphere 7(8): 1-16. DOI:10.1002/ecs2.1437

Philben, M., Ziegler, S.E., Edwards, K., Kahler, R. and R. Benner (2016) Rates of soil organic nitrogen cycling increase with temperature and precipitation along a boreal forest latitudinal transect. Biogeochemistry 127(2) 397-410.

Podrebarac, F., Laganiere, J., Billings, S.A., Edwards, K. and S.E. Ziegler (2016) Soils isolated during incubation underestimate temperature sensitivity of respiration and its response to climate history. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 93: 60-68.

Mann, E. A., Mallory, M. L., Ziegler, S. E., Avery, T.S., Tordon, R. and N.J. O’Driscoll (2015) Mercury loss from Arctic snow is controlled by UV irradiation, temperature, and snow age. Environmental Science and Technology 49: 12120-12126.

Kohl, L. Laganière, J., Edwards, K., Billings, S.A, VanBiesen, G., Morrill, P.L, and S.E. Ziegler (2015) Distinct fungal and bacterial ?13C signatures as potential drivers of increasing ?13C of soil organic matter with depth. Biogeochemistry Letters 124:13-26.

Wiegner, T. N., Kaplan, L.A., Ziegler, S.E. and R.H. Findlay (2015) Ubiquitous consumption of terrestrial dissolved organic carbon by stream microorganisms. Aquatic Microbial Ecology 75:225-237

Laganiere, J., Podrebarac, F., Billings S.A., Edwards, K. and S.E. Ziegler (2015) A warmer climate reduces the bioreactivity of isolated boreal forest soil horizons without increasing the temperature sensitivity of respiratory CO2. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 84:177-188.

Morrill, P.A., Brazelton, W., Kohl, L., Rietze, A., Miles, S., Kavanagh, H., Schrenk, M., Ziegler, S.E., and S. Lang (2014) Investigations of potential microbial methanogenic and carbon monoxide utilization pathways in ultra-basic reducing springs associated with present day continental serpentinization: The Tablelands, NL, CAN. Frontiers in Microbiology 5: 613.

Mann, E. A., Mallory, M. L., Ziegler, S.E., Tordon, R., & O’Driscoll, N. J. (2014). Mercury in Arctic snow: Quantifying the kinetics of photochemical oxidation and reduction. Science of the Total Environment. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2014.07.056

Mann, E.A., Ziegler, S.E., Mallory, M. and N.J. O’Driscoll (2014) Mercury photochemistry in snow and implications for Arctic Ecosystems. Environmental Reviews 22: 1-15.

Berggren, M., Ziegler, S.E., St-Gelais, N.F., Beisner, B.E. and P.A. del Giorgio (2014) Contrasting patterns of allochthony among three major groups of crustacean zooplankton in boreal and temperate lakes. Ecology 95(7): 1947-1959.

Li, J., Ziegler, S.E., Lane, C.S. and S. Billings (2013) Legacies of native climate regime govern responses of boreal soil microbes to litter C:N and temperature. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 66: 204-213.

Franke, D., Bonnell, E.J. and S.E. Ziegler (2013) Dissolved organic matter mineralization by heterotrophic stream biofilm communities in a large boreal watershed. Freshwater Biology 58(10): 2007-2026. DOI: 10.1111/fwb.12187

Ziegler, S.E., Lane, C.S, Li, J., Fogel, M.L. and S.A. Billings (2013) Warming alters the microbial routing of litter versus more humified carbon in boreal forest organic soils. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 60, 23-32.

DeBond, N.A., Fogel, M.L., Morrill, P.L., Benner, R., Bowden, R. and S.E. Ziegler (2013) The major biochemicals in plants have variable ?D: implications forenvironmental studies. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 111, 117-127. ISSN 0016-7037.

Lane, C.S., Lyon, D.R. and S.E. Ziegler (2012) Cycling of two contrasting carbon substrates by heterotrophic biofilms across a nutrient gradient of headwater streams. Aquatic Sciences. Doi:10.1007/s00027-012-0269-0

Li. J., Ziegler, S.E., Lane, C.S. and S.A. Billings (2012) Warming preferentially enhances mineralization of slower-turnover soil organic matter along a boreal forest transect. Journal of Geophysical Research 117, G02008, doi: 10.1029/2011JG001769

Billings, S.A., Ziegler, S.E., Benner, R., Richter, D. deB. And W.H. Schlesinger (2012) Predicting carbon cycle feedbacks to climate: integrating the right tools for the job. EOS 93, No. 19, 8 May 2012.

Franke, D., Hamilton, M.W., and S.E. Ziegler (2012) Variation in the photochemical lability of dissolved organic matter in a large boreal watershed. Aquatic Sciences. doi 10.1007/s00027-012-0258-3

Schaeffer, S.M., Ziegler, S.E., Belnap, J. and R. D. Evans (2011) Effects of Bromus tectorum invasion on microbial carbon and nitrogen cycling in two adjacent undisturbed grassland communities. Biogeochemistry, doi: 10.1007/s10533-011-9668x

Jin, V. L., S. M. Schaeffer, S. E. Ziegler, and R. D. Evans (2011), Soil water availability and microsite mediate fungal and bacterial phospholipid fatty acid biomarker abundances in Mojave Desert soils exposed to elevated atmospheric CO2, J. Geophys. Res., 116, G02001, doi:10.1029/2010JG001564.

Ziegler, S.E. and D.R. Lyon (2010). Factors regulating epilithic biofilm carbon cycling and release with nutrient enrichment in headwater streams. Hydrobiologia (Special Issue on Global Change in River Ecosystems). 657(1): 71-88

Ziegler, S.E. and S. Billings (2010) Interactive effects of elevated CO2 and nitrogen fertilization on substrate carbon flow through forest soil microbial communities. Geophysical Research-Biogeosciences 116, G01011 doi 1029/2010JG001434.

Billings, S.A., Lichter, J., Ziegler, S.E., Hungate, B.A. and D. de B. Richter (2010) A call to investigate drivers of soil organic matter retention vs. mineralization in a high CO2 world. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 42:665-668.

Ziegler, S.E., Lyon, D.R. and S. Townsend (2009) Carbon release and cycling within epilithic biofilms in two contrasting headwater streams. Aquatic Microbial Ecology 55: 285-300

Bellinger, B.J., Underwood, G.J.C., Ziegler, S.E, and M.R. Gretz (2009) The significance of diatom-derived polymers in carbon flow dynamics within estuarine biofilms determined through isotopic enrichment. Aquatic Microbial Ecology 55:169-187.

Lyon, D.R. and S.E. Ziegler (2009) Carbon cycling within epilithic biofilm communities across a nutrient gradient of headwater streams. Limnology and Oceanography 54(2): 439-449.

Billings, S.A., Ziegler, S.E.(2008) Altered patterns of soil carbon substrate usage and heterotrophic respiration in a pine forest with elevated CO2 and N fertilization.Global Change Biology14:1–12.

Lichter, J., Billings, S.A., Ziegler, S.E., Gaindh, D., Ryals, R., Finzi, A.C., Jackson, R.B., Stemmler, E.A., Schlesinger, W.H.(2008) Soil carbon sequestration in a pine forest after nine years of atmospheric CO2 enrichment.Global Change Biology 14:2910-2922.[This paper was selected as a research highlight by Nature Reports Climate Change 3:2.]

Billings, S. and S. Ziegler (2005) Linking microbial activity and soil organic matter transformations in forest soils under elevated CO2. Global Change Biology 11:203-212.

Ziegler, S., White, P. M., D. C. Wolf, and G.J. Thoma (2005) Tracking the fate and recycling of a 13C-labeled glucose in soil. Soil Science 170: 767-778.

Ziegler S., Kaiser E. and R. Benner (2004) Seasonal and diel dynamics of dissolved organic nitrogen and phosphorus in a subtropic seagrass- dominated lagoon. Bulletin of Marine Science 75(3): 391-407.

Brisco, S. and S. Ziegler (2004) Effects of solar radiation on the utilization of dissolved organic matter in Ozark headwater streams. Aquatic Microbial Ecology 37: 197-208.

Ziegler S. and S. Brisco (2004) Relationships between the isotopic composition of dissolved organic carbon and its bioavailability in contrasting Ozark streams. Hydrobiologia 513: 153-169.

Ziegler S. and M. L. Fogel (2003) Seasonal and diel relationships between the isotopic compositions of dissolved and particulate organic matter in a freshwater ecosystem. Biogeochemistry 64:25-52.

Ziegler S. and R. Benner (2000) Effects of solar radiation on microbial production and dissolved organic matter cycling in a shallow, subtropical lagoon. Limnology and Oceanography 45: 257-266.

Benner R. and S. Ziegler (2000) Do photochemical transformations of dissolved organic matter produce biorefractory as well as bioreactive substrates? In Current Perspectives in Microbial Ecology, C. R. Bell, M. H. Brylinsky, and P. Johnson-Green (eds). Springer-Verlag.

Ziegler S. and R. Benner (1999) Dissolved organic carbon cycling in a subtropical seagrass-dominated lagoon. Marine Ecology Progress Series 180:149-160.

Ziegler S. and R. Benner (1999) Nutrient cycling in the water column of a subtropical seagrass meadow Marine Ecology Progress Series 188: 51-62.

Ziegler S. and R. Benner (1998) Ecosystem metabolism in a subtropical seagrass dominated lagoon. Marine Ecology Progress Series 173: 1-12.

Strom S., Benner R., Ziegler S. and M. Dagg (1997) Planktonic grazers are a potentially important source of marine dissolved organic carbon. Limnology and Oceanography 42: 1364-1374.